Tips and tricks - writing your manuscript

GUidelines for reporting on studies

If you are preparing an observational study report or a meta-analysis/systematic review, please use the STROBE and PRYSMA guidelines and their checklists to improve the structure and the content of your manuscript.


STROBE (STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology)

Please use of the STROBE checklist for guidance in the reporting of:

- cohort,

- case-control or

- cross-sectional studies.


Find checklists for each study type on their website:



PRYSMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis)

Use the PRYSMA checklist as a reporting guideline for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The checklist aims at helping authors include and structure the pertain content of a systematic review and meta-analysis by following a checklist of items related to the title, abstract, methods, results, discussion and funding.


You can download the checklist here:




Please note that both checklists have been developed by teams of experts but have their limitations. Besides the structure suggested in both checklists, authors are encouraged to include all information relevant to the research and make their manuscript an interesting read.


For information on instructions for authors of CVIR and formatting requirements for each article type, click here.